Unanticipated events can be extremely upsetting and stressful. People react in different ways to trauma and can experience a wide range of physical and emotional changes that can affect mental health and well-being. It is important to monitor your health and to access the appropriate resources as required.

Know the signs

One in five adult Canadians will experience a mental disorder in their lives.
Family, friends, neighbours or co-workers may be suffering emotionally.
They may not recognize the symptoms.

Know when to ask for help


  • Shock, denial, or disbelief
  • Confusion, difficulty concentrating
  • Anger, irritability, mood swings
  • Anxiety and fear
  • Guilt, shame, self-blame
  • Withdrawing from others
  • Feeling sad or hopeless
  • Feeling disconnected or numb


  • Insomnia or nightmares
  • Fatigue
  • Being startled easily
  • Difficulty concentrating
  • Racing heartbeat
  • Edginess and agitation
  • Aches and pains
  • Muscle tension
  • Loss of appetite

If you or anyone you know is exhibiting the symptoms above, the first thing to do is ask for help.